Take my chariot, Krishna, between the two
camps; let me know my enemy before I fight him. Who
are the ones gathered here for bloodshed, flatterers of evil
Duryodhana on sacred Kurukshetra?
Arjuna said "I have seen my kinsmen for war; my
mouth is dry with fear, my limbs refuse to listen to me;
trembling seizes me; my skin chafes and divine bow slips from my
I would not kill them, not for the three
worlds, let alone the earth, O Krishna. I had rather they killed
Their reason obscured by greed, they may see no
evil in the disunion of brothers, in hate against friends; but
we, Krishna, we, the clear of mind who understand right and
wrong; should we not refrain from such evil acts?"
The Arjuna, sad in the middle of the battlefield,
Krishna, as if smiling said:
"You mourn those, Arjuna, who do not deserve mourning. The learned
mourn neither the living nor the dead.
Do not think that I did not exist, that you do
not exist, that all these kings do not exist. And it is not that
we shall cease to exist in the future.
The untrue never is; the True never isn't. The
knower of truth know this.
The Vedas are a useless pond to a person aware
of his self, a pond when water has flooded the land. Steady in
Yoga, do whatever you must do; give up attachment, be
indifferent to failure and success.
This equilibrium is Yoga."
Arjuna asked "If as You say, Krishna, knowledge excels action, why do you
urges to me this terrible war.
Krishna replied, "At the time of a person's birth, Arjuna, two methods are offered; for the contemplative the Yoga of knowledge, for the active the Yoga of action.
No one reaches the state of rest through
inaction and abandonment of work does not lead to perfection.
For look, not a moment gives rest, not a moment is without work.
Food is the cause of life, from rain is food
born; ritual gives rain and ritual is born of Karma. Karma comes
from the Vedas and the Vedas from Brahma. His life is Futile,
who is not aware of this wheel's revolutions, who lives merely
to wallow in his senses."
Krishna replied, "You and I, have many births,
Arjuna. I can recall them all, but you cannot.
Though birth less and unchangeable and supreme.
I am born through my Maya, defying the laws of Nature. The man
who approves the divinity of my birth and the miracle of my
work, discards his body and is not born again.
Knowledge will remove your bewilderment and you shall see all creation in yourself and in me.
Work will not fetter him who shelters in the
Atman. Discipline purifies his work, Arjuna and knowledge
dissipates his disbelief."
Krishna again replied, "Renunciation and activity both liberate, but to work is better than to renounce.
A man who commands his senses and vanquishes
his body, who see one's Atman as the Atman in all, who purifies
his mind before he performs his deeds such a man is not sullied.
Though seeing, listing, smelling, eating,
walking sleeping, breathing, talking, holding and discarding, he
Krishna again replied, "whoever does work
selflessly combines renunciation and activity, not one who does not
work or rejects the prescribed duties.
The Atman is the means of spiritual
achievement. On no account should the Atman be harmed. It is
your best friend, do not make it to subdue it; at enemy of the
man who does not.
Even a man who merely asks to be enlightened in
Yoga is superior to the performer of mechanical rituals.
The yogi who persevere, revolves through
numerous births before reaching the supreme goal."
Krishna continued, "Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Ether,
Mind, Intellect and egoism; these make up Nature.
There are four type of good men who worship me,
Arjuna., the sorrowing the truth-seeker, the seeker of bliss and
the wise man.
The wise man steadfast, devoted to me is the
best among these. I love the wise man, Arjuna; he is dear to me."