Aside from the Hindu records, perhaps the oldest records of Astrological practice are to be found in China. The Chinese developed their science independently and have been almost as scrupulous in preserving their records as the Hindus.
Little if any of this knowledge, however, has been permitted to
leave China and is to be found only among the precious archives
and records, still carefully preserved in monasteries and
lamaseries in certain parts of China and Tibet.
see Zodiac Sign of
Although mention is made by later writers of famous
Astrologers in Chaldea, particularly Berosus, who lived about 3000
B.C., no actual manuscripts are available of any of the writings of
Berosus if indeed such writings were ever made, But undoubtedly the Science of Astrology was practiced at a very remote period in the history of the Chaldeans and the Astrology of the Greeks and Romans was directly derived from this source.
First mention of Astrology as it was practiced by
the Babylonians seems to place the period at about 2500 B.C., but no
actual records of literature dealing with the Babylonian
contribution to the Science have yet been discovered.
It is evident that the Egyptians know and used
Astrology many thousands of years before Christ and the earliest
Egyptian Astrologer mentioned is Patisseries, a priest who lived
during the reign of Nicepsos about 800 B.C. If Patisseries wrote any
book on Astrology, however, these have never been found.
The earliest Egyptian authority on Astrology
whose works are available today and actually from the basis on
which modern Astrology is practiced in the Western world was
Ptolemy was born at Pelusium in Egypt, about 70
A.D., and attended the school of Alexandria. His Tetrabiblos is
the source of many of the arrows which have been perpetuated in
the modern systems and about which more will be said later.
see Zodiac Sign of
The earliest Persian Astrologer of whom any record
exists was Al Hakim. This famous Astrologer lived and practiced his
Science during the reign of Darius. Al Hakim is reputed to have
written many books, the most widely mentioned by later historians being the "Judicia Gimaspia." If this book or any other writings of Al Hakim still exist today, this writer has not come across them. However, Al Hakim achieved fame because of some amazing predictions, with which he is credited. Not the least of these was his prediction of the birth of Jesus.
see Remedies of Lal Kitab of
Astrology is and always was held in great veneration by the Arabs. This country was the birthplace of many learned astrologers and wise men. They
traveled extensively and brought their knowledge with them into Greece and Rome. Some of their writings have come down to us through the Greeks and Romans, but in such fragmentary from that they are of little use to us today. Such fragments as we have preserved, however, furnish indubitable proof that the technique of the Arabian Astrologers was of a very high order, indeed. Records of a
nomad race, however, are difficult to obtain.
In India records exist today which point clearly to
a highly developed knowledge of Astrology as far back as 4500 B.C.
and actual manuscripts are still extant which were written between
3000 B.C. and 1700 B.C. Some of the originals have been destroyed or
lost but actual copies of these originals were made by later
Astrologers and these are to be found in the libraries of the
Maharajas and in the libraries of certain states in India. The
author possesses one such manuscript which was written about 1700 B.C. At any rate, actual detailed records of Astrological Science in India are continuous from about 4500 B.C. up to the present day.
see Zodiac Sign of